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About Dove Proso Millet For Food Plots
Dove Proso Millet is one of the most
millets used for attraction and feeding of doves. The millet seed-heads of
dove proso mature from the top of the
stalk downward and become so heavy that the seed-heads will tend to droop over toward the ground giving the
birds easy access to the mature seeds even before they fall off. All
types of wild birds and fowl
will feed on these seeds from the stalk or from off the ground. Proso can grow from 3-7 feet tall
and provide mature seeds in 65 days. Often the fields
will be mowed to provide additional shattering of the seeds for
easier consumption by birds. Contact game and fish
agencies on rules on planting and mowing this crop in your state
if planted for game hunting purposes.
Type: warm season annual grass
Uses: These plants can reach 4 to 6 feet tall producing an open seed
head similar to oats. A unique characteristic is the seed will not mature
uniformly. They will start to ripen from the top of the head down, dislodging
and dropping to the ground as they mature. The seeds are very shiny, slick and
resist mold and mildew making them an excellent plant for doves, quail and
Planting Dove Proso For Food Plots
- Date: (For most wildlife species) North Alabama and North Georgia from May 15-June 10; central Alabama and central Georgia from April 15- June 10; South Alabama and South
Georgia from March 15- June 10. (For dove only) June 1–June 10 area wide
- Rate: 12 lbs. per acre Broadcast or 6 lbs. per acre drilled
- Depth: ˝" maximum
Best for: Turkey, Duck, Dove, Pheasant, Quail
Also check out the Pennington
WingMaster DOVE mixture which is contains a mix of proso type
Dove Proso Millet Information (Panicum miliaceum)
Dove Proso was obtained from Almora, United Province, India by
the United States Department of Agriculture and assigned the plant introduction
number 196292. Seed from this introductions was obtained from the Southern
Regional Plant Introduction Station at Experiment, Georgia by the Soil
Conservation Service to evaluate at its Plant Materials Center. It was first
planted at the American Plant Material Center in 1961 and compared in subsequent
years with over 30 other Proso introductions. Dove Proso was also evaluated on
the farms of many soil and water conservation district operators in Georgia,
Alabama, South Carolina and North Carolina before being released for commercial
Dove Proso grows 3 feet to 6 feet in height. The plants have a
sprangling top somewhat similar to oats. Dove Proso Millet seed do not mature
uniformly at one time, but mature when planted in the spring throughout late
summer and fall. The seed mature from the top of the head down. The plant bends
over and the head turns down as the seed begin to mature. The mature seeds fall
from the seed head onto the ground as they complete ripening. Dove Proso Millet
seed have a shiny seed coat. They do not mold or mildew easily, thus they retain
their attraction for birds. Dove Proso Millet does not volunteer the next year
to a great extent, thus they do not create a pest to crops to be grown in later
years. Dove Proso is adapted to the entire Southern region of the United States,
and normally blooms in 60 days and matures in 75 days after emergence.
Yield Capacity Seed: Dove Proso Millet varies widely in yield of seed due to
moisture, sunlight hours and fertility. It is extremely difficult to harvest
mechanically due to its variance of maturity in that portions of the seed head
matures prior to the remainder.
Forage: Dove Proso millet in trials
conducted on the farms of W. M. Prichard of Louisville, Georgia yielded equally
with pearl type millets.
Grazing: Dove Proso millet in grazing trials
conducted in the Sandersville area of Georgia performed equally with Pearl
Cattail and Brown Top Millets.
Hay: Dove Proso millet in trials conducted
on the farms of W.M. Prichard of Louisville, Georgia yielded equally with
Coastal Bermuda. Livestock fed with the baled Dove Proso Millet in the winter of
1969 ate the hay with relish - preferring it to Coastal Bermuda hay.
Planning Information for Birds: Plant in 36 inch to 42 inch rows, using 10 to 15 pounds of seed per acre.
Clean cultivate twice. Or: Plant broadcast or with drill using 20
lbs. of seed per acre.
For combination Bird, Grazing and Hay Use: Plant 25 pounds per acre
with grain drill or 30 pounds per acre broadcast. In all methods of planting
Dove Proso Millet, seed should be covered from 1/4 inch to one inch deep in soil
on a firm, clean, weed free seed bed.
Herbicides: Use any herbicide you generally use on millets or grain
sorghums at the recommended rate and method of application.
Fertilization: use 200-500 pounds of 8-12-12 or equivalent plant food per
acre. Top dress with 30 to 40 units of Nitrogen per acre when plant reach
"shoe-top" height. When using for grazing and hay, increase Nitrogen application
to appropriate levels.